Basic Weld Symbols

Weld symbols and welding symbols are a means of communication between the designer and the welder. Therefore there must be a set of rules regarding representation of information on a welding drawing that must convey same information regardless of who reads it. This article discusses various aspects related to weld symbols and welding symbols. The … Read more

Types Of Joints In Welding

The terms welds and joints are not synonymous. The different types of welds are groove weld, fillet weld, seam weld, flash weld, plug weld, upset weld, spot weld, surfacing weld, etc. These are not joints, but welds. The types of joints are only five, as we shall see in this article. In order to describe … Read more

Welding Distortion and Warpage

Warpage in welding and residual stresses occurring in welds are a nuisance for any welding engineer. The distortion spoils the aesthetic appeal of the product, and affects its usability for the intended purpose. Residual stresses can give rise to initiation of fracture in the metal, which can result in catastrophic failure. Therefore, it is important … Read more

Multipass Welding: All You Need To Know

Multipass welding is typically required when thick sections are required to be welded.  This technique is used in the industry for joining of thick sections, carrying out repairs, build ups, surface hard-facing and so on. As the name suggests, multipass welds consist of multiple passes of welding in a joint.  One pass of the weld is generally … Read more

Tee Joint Welding

It is important to know different types of joints in welding, so that one can choose the right kind of joint for an application. In this article, we shall see in detail about ‘T’ joint welding, the kinds of edge preparation in welding of such joints, and some of the difficulties associated in welding of tee joints. … Read more

Welding Stresses and Cracking

Welding stresses are an unavoidable feature of any welding. Stresses inside a weldment may result in many undesirable consequences such as distortion, buckling, warping, lamellar tearing, cracking, brittle fracture, fatigue fracture etc. When weld metal is added to a joint, it is akin to cast metal. When the weld metal cools, it contracts. This is … Read more

Pipe Welding

Welding of pipes is commonplace. Pipes are used for transporting oil, water, gas, etc. The pressure inside the pipe may range from a vacuum pressure to gage pressure running into several hundreds of pounds per square inch. For such joints, mechanical joints such as rivets, threaded joints, etc. are not adequate for the purpose, hence … Read more

Welding Arcs

Welding arcs is a source of intense heat that is used to melt the base metal and filler metal to produce a weldment. Arc is where the real action happens, in the course of all arc welding processes. In this article, we shall discuss in brief about the function of welding arcs, and different kind of forces … Read more